Common Treatments

Crowding of the teeth

crowding of the teeth beforeBefore
crowding of the teeth afterAfter

Patient started treatment at age 11 and wore braces for 26 months. He loves showing off his dazzling new smile!


Open bite - Front teeth don't touch

open bite beforeBefore
open bite afterAfter

Patient sucked her thumb as a young child. She started treatment at age 13, wearing braces and a special appliance — called a tongue crib — to retrain the tongue, for 28 months. Now she can bite the lettuce out of a sandwich with such grace and ease!


Deep overbite - Lower front teeth bite into palate

deep overbite beforeBefore
deep overbite afterAfter

This adult patient, age 25, required braces and jaw surgery to correct his severe overbite, with treatment taking two years. His problem could have been corrected without surgery if he had been treated before he was a teenager.


Missing lateral incisors

missing lateral incisors beforeBefore
missing lateral incisors afterAfter

This patient's lateral incisors were congenitally missing. She had braces for 20 months to move the teeth into their correct positions, then the missing teeth were replaced with bonded "Maryland" bridges - implants for missing teeth are also an excellent option!


Underbite - Lower front teeth in front of upper teeth

underbite beforeBefore
underbite afterAfter

Patient's underbite was causing her jaw joint discomfort and excessive wear patterns on her teeth. After about 30 months of treatment starting at age 32, she is now smiling more confidently and chewing more comfortably!


Spacing of teeth

spacing of teeth beforeBefore
spacing of teeth afterAfter

Patient was bothered by the spaces between his teeth. Braces closed the spaces and gave him an ideal bite in 24 months. Special glued-in "permanent" retainers help keep the spaces closed.


Overjet - Protruding front teeth

overjet beforeBefore
overjet afterAfter

At age ten, patient had a big overjet with the top teeth protruding beyond the bottom. She had two phases of treatment. The first helped her jaws to grow more harmoniously and the second aligned her teeth and bite. At age 13, she was proudly flashing her new smile, just in time for high school.


Phase One Treatment

phase 1 beforeBefore
phase 1 afterAfter

Patient's parents were concerned about both aesthetics and the health of the erupting permanent teeth when they brought him to the orthodontist at age 8. The lower front teeth were crowded and touching the palate, and the upper front teeth were extremely displaced from their ideal positions. After 12 months of Phase One treatment with an expander and partial braces (on the permanent teeth only), patient's appearance and dental function were vastly improved.  A Phase Two may or may not be necessary after Phase One.

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